Category Archives: Kubernetes

VMware Tanzu Mission Control – Getting started with your first cluster

In this blog post we will cover the following topics

- What is Tanzu Mission Control?
- So, this isn't just for VMware environments?
- Getting Started Tanzu Mission Control
- - TMC Resource Hierarchy
- - Creating a Cluster Group
- - Attaching a cluster to Tanzu Mission Control
- - Viewing your Cluster Objects
- - - Overview
- - - Nodes
- - - Namespaces
- - - Workloads
- Where can I demo/test/trial this myself?

The follow up blog posts are;

- Tanzu Mission Control 
- - Cluster Inspections
- - - What Inspections are available 
- - - Performing Inspections 
- - - Viewing Inspections
- - Workspaces and Policies
- - - Creating a workspace 
- - - Creating a managed Namespace 
- - - Policy Driven Cluster Management 
- - - Creating Policies

What is Tanzu Mission Control?

Tanzu Mission control is a cloud offering, which gives you a single point of control, monitoring and management, regardless of the Kubernetes deployment and their location (e.g Tanzu Kubernetes Grid, OpenShift Container Platform, Azure Kubernetes to name but a few).

Key Capabilities;

  • Manage Kubernetes Cluster Lifecycle through the deployment and day 2 operations
  • Attach Clusters for centralized operations and management
  • Centralized policy management
    • Apply access, network and container registry policies consistently across your Kubernetes clusters and namespaces
  • Global visibility for diagnosing and troubleshooting issues with your Kubernetes clusters
  • Inspection runbooks to validate the configuration of your clusters
    • Current offerings are;
      • Conformance; validating binaries running in your cluster to ensure proper configuration and running.
      • CIS benchmark; evaluation against the CIS Benchmark for Kubernetes published by the Center for Internet Security.
      • Lite; node conformance test to validate your nodes meet the Kubernetes requirements.

So, this isn’t just for VMware environments?

Nope, this is a cloud and Kubernetes neutral offering. You can attach CNCF conformant Kubernetes clusters to Tanzu Mission Control no matter where they are running: on vSphere, in any public clouds, or through other Kubernetes vendors.

Getting Started Tanzu Mission Control

TMC Resource Hierarchy

In the Tanzu Mission Control resource hierarchy, there are three levels at which you can specify policies.

  • Organization
  • Object groups (Cluster groups and Workspaces)
  • Kubernetes objects (Clusters and Namespaces)

You can set direct policies for a given object, but each object can also inherit based on the parent objects. So pretty much what you’ve been used to in the past with policies and hierarchies.

Creating a Cluster Group

A Cluster Group is a logical object to bring together multiple Kubernetes clusters. You can set user access policies to be able to view/edit/control cluster group objects and their child objects (clusters).

Cluster groups provide an infrastructure view, and all clusters must be attached to a group.

To create a Cluster Group;

  • Select the Cluster Group from the navigation
  • Click New Cluster Group
  • Supply a name, description and labels are optional and can be edited after creation

Continue reading VMware Tanzu Mission Control – Getting started with your first cluster

VMware Tanzu Mission Control – Workspaces and Policies

In this blog post we will cover the following topics

- Tanzu Mission Control 
- - Workspaces 
- - - Creating a workspace
- - - Creating a managed Namespace
- - - Viewing a managed Namespace
- - Policy Driven Cluster Management
- - - Creating a Image Registry Policy
- - - Creating a Network Policy

The follow up blog posts are;

- Getting Started Tanzu Mission Control
- - TMC Resource Hierarchy
- - Creating a Cluster Group
- - Attaching a cluster to Tanzu Mission Control
- - Viewing your Cluster Objects
- Cluster Inspections
- - Cluster Inspections Overview 
- - What Inspections are available 
- - Performing Inspections 
- - Viewing Inspections

Workspaces

Workspaces provide an application view, where you logically group Kubernetes Namespaces together, regardless of the cluster to which they are attached.

This is in contrast to Cluster Groups, which are focused on the infrastructure view.

These Workspaces can be created to align to your projects or applications, from a hierarchy point of view, you would then authorize your users to these Workspaces, so that they can monitor and manage the namespaces related to their function.

Creating a Workspace

Click the Workspace navigation view on the left-hand side, and then New Workspace.

Specify your Workspace name, and provide the optional description and labels, these can be added after creation if needed.

Now you have a Workspace, it’s no good without any associated Namespaces, so let’s continue.

Creating a managed Namespace

All Namespaces attached to a Workspace will be managed Namespaces under TMC.

To create a managed Namespace, you can do this in one of four places;

  • Within the Workspace Navigation view
  • Inside the Workspace Object itself
  • On the Namespace Navigation view
  • On the Cluster Object > Navigation Tab

Continue reading VMware Tanzu Mission Control – Workspaces and Policies

VMware Tanzu Mission Control – Cluster Inspections

In this blog post we will cover the following topics

- Tanzu Mission Control 
- - Cluster Inspections Overview
- - What Inspections are available
- - Performing Inspections
- - Viewing Inspections

The follow up blog posts are;

- Getting Started Tanzu Mission Control
- - TMC Resource Hierarchy
- - Creating a Cluster Group
- - Attaching a cluster to Tanzu Mission Control
- - Viewing your Cluster Objects
- Workspaces and Policies
- - Creating a workspace 
- - - Creating a managed Namespace 
- - - Viewing a managed Namespace 
- - Policy Driven Cluster Management 
- - - Creating an Image Registry Policy 
- - - Creating a Network Policy

Cluster Inspections Overview

This for me is one of the best features of Tanzu Mission Control, and an area which I expected will be developed further in the future.

Cluster inspections provide a point-in-time report of the condition of the cluster, you might want to run them periodically (to avoid drifting out of conformance) and any time you make significant alterations, such as after you patch or upgrade a cluster.

This capability is achieved by using Sonobuoy, an open source community standard, which provides diagnostics of your Kubernetes environments through conformance testing and additional plugins.

What Inspections are available?

The following cluster inspections are available from the Overview and Inspection tabs of the cluster detail page in the Tanzu Mission Control console.

  • Conformance inspection;

Validates the binaries running on your cluster and ensures that your cluster is properly installed, configured, and working. You can view the generated report from within Tanzu Mission Control to assess and address any issues that arise. For more information, see the Kubernetes Conformance documentation at https://github.com/cncf/k8s-conformance/tree/master/docs.

  • CIS benchmark inspection;

Evaluates your cluster against the CIS Benchmark for Kubernetes published by the Center for Internet Security.

  • Lite inspection;

Is a node conformance test that validates whether nodes meet requirements for Kubernetes. For more information, see Validate node setup in the Kubernetes documentation.

Performing Inspections

To perform an inspection, there are two ways; from the inspections tab when view a cluster object (as in the above screenshot).

Or you can do this from the Inspections navigation page, as below.

Continue reading VMware Tanzu Mission Control – Cluster Inspections

vRealize Operations – Monitoring OpenShift Container Platform environments

The latest release of  vRealize Operations (the “manager” part of the product name has now been dropped), brings the ability to manage your Kubernetes environments from the vSphere infrastructure up.

The Kubernetes integration in vRealize Operations 8.1;

  • vSphere with Kubernetes integration:
    • Ability to discover vSphere with Kubernetes objects as part of the vCenter Server inventory.
    • New summary pages for Supervisor Cluster, Namespaces, Tanzu Kubernetes cluster, and vSphere Pods.
    • ​Out-of-the-box dashboards, alerts, reports, and views for vSphere with Kubernetes.
  • The VMware Management Packs that are new and those that are updated for vRealize Operations Manager 8.1 are:
    • VMware vRealize Operations Management Pack for Container Monitoring 1.4.3

Where does OpenShift Container Platform fit in?

All though the above highlighted release notes point towards vSphere with Kubernetes (aka project pacific), the Container monitoring management pack has been available for a while and has received a number of updates.

This management pack can be used with any of your Kubernetes setups. Bringing components into your infrastructure monitoring view;

  • Kubernetes;
    • Clusters
    • Nodes
    • Pods
    • Containers
    • Services

So this means you can add in your OCP environment for monitoring.

Configuring vRealize Operations to monitor your OpenShift Clusters

Grab the latest Container monitoring management pack to be installed in your vRealize Operations environment.

  1. Log in to the vRealize Operations Manager with administrator privileges.
  2. In the menu, select Administration and in the left pane select Solutions > Repository.
  3. On the Repository tab, click Add/Upgrade.
  4. Browse to locate the temporary folder and select the PAK file.
  5. Click Upload. The upload might take several minutes.
  6. Read and accept the EULA,and click Next.
  7. When the vRealize Operations Management Pack for Container Monitoring is installed, click Finish.

To link any Kubernetes to your environment for monitoring, you need to install the cAdvisor Daemon.  For OCP I used the cAdvisor YAML Definition on HostPort, secondly you need to create some credentials to authenticate to your cluster from your connection in vROPs. Continue reading vRealize Operations – Monitoring OpenShift Container Platform environments

Kubernetes

Kubernetes basics – kubeadm token create –print-join-command

Recently I’ve been using the fantastic resources to start learning Kubernetes (it’s the next big thing don’t you know). The course I’ve been following;

When running the command below, I lost connectivity to my master, which means I missed the print out of my join command to run on my woker nodes;

sudo kubeadm init --pod-network-cidr=10.244.0.0/16

I was a little stumped how I get access to the print out again, and running the Kubeadm init, failed as initiation had already been done.

The fix for this was rather simple it seems by running the below;

kubeadmin token create --print-join-command

I was then given a new output to copy and paste to into my worker nodes. Don’t worry about the previous token that was issued, this will expire after 24 hours, which is the default timer.