Category Archives: General

How to use FAHControl to manage multiple [email protected] Client instances

This blog post will cover managing a number of [email protected] Clients using FAHControl.

If you are using the VMware [email protected] Fling, then this appliance will be configured for remote control on deployment.

This blog is based on [email protected] deployed on Linux, but the same applied for Windows.

Installing FAHControl to monitor multiple installations 

For Windows instances, this is installed as part of the FAHClient 

  • “C:\Program Files (x86)\FAHClient\FAHControl.exe

For Linux, you will need to install FAHControl separately 

For Mac OS X Instances, this is installed as part of the FAHClient 

Configuring your FAHClient for remote access  

On your deployed OVAs 

  1. Connect via SSH 
  2. Edit the config.xml file 
  3. vi /etc/fahclient/config.xml 
  4. Insert the following code to enable FAHControl access 
  5. From within vi press ‘i 
  6. To configure a single address to access your client 
  7. Without passwords; 
<command-allow-no-pass v='127.0.0.1 x.x.x.x’ /> 
  1. With Password; 
<command-allow v='127.0.0.1 192.168.200.10' /> 

<password v='VMware1!' /> 

N.B. The localhost address must remain configured, otherwise the client work run 

Examples: 

Using password with a single IP restriction 

  <!-- Remote Command Server --> 

  <command-allow v='127.0.0.1 192.168.200.10' /> 

  <password v='VMware1!'/> 

Without a password against a single IP restriction 

  <!-- Remote Command Server --> 

  <command-allow-no-pass v='127.0.0.1 192.168.200.10' /> 

Without either a password or IP restriction 

<!-- Remote Command Server --> 

  <command-allow-no-pass v='127.0.0.1 0.0.0.0/0' /> 
  1. Save the config.xml file 
  1. Press ESC key 
  1. Enter without quotes “:wq!”
  1. Reload the FAHClient 
  1. /etc/init.d/FAHClient restart

If you see “Starting fahclient … FAIL” check your XML file again for any syntax errors.  

Connecting FAHControl to your clients 

  1. Open your FAHControl and click Add
  2. Enter the name of your client as you would like it to be displayed, the IP address of your client and your password if necessary, and click save.
  3. You should now see your client is connected in FAHControl. 

Appendix 

Firewall rules 

If you are using iptables, the below firewall rules will need to be configured for Linux allow for FAHControl to remotely manage FAHClient.

iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 36330 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT 

iptables -A OUTPUT-p tcp --dport 36330 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT 

Regards

Creating a redirection on your wordpress domain

The other day I was chatting to a friend, and we discussed they should setup a redirection on their WordPress site to take you to their youtube page. Something simple as;

  • https://vEducate.co.uk/youtube >>> https://youtube.com/c/VMwareTAMLAB

To create something like this when running WordPress is quite easy.

  1. Install the plugin “Redirectioner” By Remkus de Vries.
  2. Activate plugin
  3.  Go to Settings > 404 Redirected
  4. Scroll to the bottom to create a manual redirect
    • type in your URL suffix
    • chose type of redirect
    • type external URL including protocol (http/s)

Quick simple and easy!

Regards

Joining VMware and the [email protected] Project – FAQ

Since my first post about joining the VMware Team in the [email protected] ([email protected]) project, a lot has happened, we have created an easily to deploy and use OVA via our Flings website, which once deployed, will connect to the [email protected] project and start contributing straight away.

I’ve been humbled to be part of this internal VMware project and provide some of the documentation for the Fling..

In this post I will cover a FAQ of the typical questions we have come across. A FAQ can also be found on the fling web page.

VMware Appliance for Folding FAQ

1. Where can I learn more about the [email protected] project?

I recommend you check out the [email protected] website

2. If I have no VMware software, can I still contribute?

Yes, the OVA Fling is designed for deployment on VMware Workstation, Fusion and vSphere products.

However you can simply run the [email protected] client locally on your workstation, laptop or home micro server. VMware Software is not needed!

3. I seem to be receiving no workloads, is my OVA working?

If you can see logs stating the below, this means there are no available work units for your appliance configuration. We recommend leaving your appliance running, and it will continue to search for available work units.

16:24:39:WU00:FS00:Connecting to 65.254.110.245:8080

16:24:40:WARNING:WU00:FS00:Failed to get assignment from '65.254.110.245:8080': No WUs available for this configuration

4. My appliance seems to not be working, and I see “vghetto-photonos login:” when I open the console for my appliance.

You need to deploy the appliance with the OS Root Password configuration, this is a mandatory parameter, as there is no default root password for PhotonOS builds.

5. Why cannot I not select to just work on COVID-19 projects?

This is not an option that’s available from the [email protected] team, however any work units for COVID-19 will be prioritised. These are the Covid-19 projects:

  • CPU : 14328 – 14329 – 14530 – 14531
  • GPU : 11741 to 11764

6. How many CPUs should I configure my OVA with?

This depends on your available resources, by default the appliance will deploy with 2 CPUs.

7. Are there any other optimizations I can make with my configuration?

You can consult the previous link for advanced client settings. We also recommend authenticating your work by using a PassKey, please see this link; https://foldingathome.org/support/faq/points/passkey/.

8. Can I deploy the OVA on a ESXi host?

Yes, however you will need to use the OVFTool, the Host Client UI is not supported. You can find sample scripts here; https://github.com/lamw/vmware-fah-automation

9. Can I deploy multiple OVAs at once?

Yes, you can reference the following automation options,

10. Can I deploy the OVA on Fusion or Workstation?

Yes, you can deploy our latest OVA (ver. 1.0.1 and higher) to both VMware Fusion and VMware Workstation.

11. What are my options for monitoring the appliance?

There are three options;

  • Within the VM console itself, you can choose between the PhotonOS shell (ALT + F1) and Top screen (ALT + F2).
  • Connecting the web client – https://OVA_IP:7396
  • Using FAHControl to connect to multiple clients. This is installed by default with the [email protected] client on Windows and Mac OS X and there is a separate installer for Linux machines.

12. Is there something cooler, like monitoring in vROPs?

You can monitor the VMware Team’s performance using this vROPs dashboard; https://github.com/johnddias/vROps-Folding-at-Home

13. What ports and IP addresses do I need to open on my firewall?

  • External (Internet)
    • Inbound/Outbound on port 8080 or 80 to receive and upload Workload Unit (Please see Folding @ Home Documentation for a complete list of servers for security whitelisting)
  • Internal
    • Inbound/Outbound on port 36330 for remote management of FAHClient using FAHControl Center
    • Inbound/Outbound on port 7396 for local web management of FAHClient using FAH Web Control(e.g. http://[FAH]:7396)

14. Can I change the configuration of my [email protected] client after it is deployed?

Yes, you edit the settings using either FAHControl, or by connecting to the appliance and editing “/etc/fahclient/config.xml”. You can find more information at this link: https://foldingathome.org/support/faq/installation-guides/configuration-guide/.

15. Can I use a GPU with my appliance?

Yes, please see the supplementary documentation on the Fling website. Please also review the [email protected] requirements; https://foldingathome.org/support/faq/installation-guides/linux/requirements/.

16. if your GPU isn’t detected on your windows box

This fix has worked for other;

  • Windows Updates often breaks OpenCL support when it updates the drivers automatically. To fix it, reinstall the drivers you downloaded from nVidia or AMD website.

16. Where can I check the VMware Team stats and my user stats?

Official [email protected] Searchable Stats page – Team VMware

Official [email protected] – Fast stats – Team VMware

We have found that sometimes the official [email protected] stats page gives the error “Bad gateway”, so we recommend the Extreme Overclockers Forum link below.

Our WaveFront team have created a public facing dashboard as well!

17. I see in the logs, “Exception: Failed reading core package header”

Check your firewall/proxy settings for web filtering/download file inspection. It may be needed to exclude your appliance from this feature.

Note: I have personally seen this as an issue with the Sophos UTM used for home setups.

Regards

Powershell snippet – text to secure string and output to XML file

Below is a quick Powershell command I use to convert passwords to secure strings and output to an XML file, I can encrypt that XML file locally on the machine where any scripts need to run from, and call it in another Powershell script.

$secpasswd = ConvertTo-SecureString "VMware1!" -AsPlainText -Force

#The logic used here between the brackets is Username,Password, where we call our previous variable

$mycreds = New-Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential ("administrator", $secpasswd) 

$mycreds | export-clixml -path c:\temp\password.xml

It’s quick and easy to use, there will be other ways that may work better for you, if so, drop them in the comments.